Pontypridd is both a community and a principal town of Rhondda Cynon Taf, Wales, and is situated 12 miles/19 km north of the Welsh capital city of Cardiff. Pontypridd is often abbreviated to “Ponty” by local residents.The town sits at the junction of the Rhondda and Taff / Cynon valleys, where the River Rhondda flows into the Taff immediately south of the town at Ynysangharad War Memorial Park.which houses a statue of Evan and James James who composed Hen Wlad fy Nhada the Welsh National Anthem.Pontypridd is also famous for Brown and Lenox chain works who made the chain for the anchor of the Titanic, the site is now the home of a supermarket. Pontypridd community had a population of around 30,000 according to the census of 2001. The town lies alongside the dual carriageway north-south A470, between Cardiff and Merthyr Tydfil. The A4054, running north and south of the town, was the former main road, and, like the A470, follows the Taff Valley. South of the town is the A473, for Llantrisant and Pencoed. To the west is the A4058, which follows the River Rhondda to Porth and the Rhondda Valley which is most notable for its historical link to the coal mining industry which was at its peak between 1840-1925 AD. The Rhondda Valleys were home to a strong early Christian movement which manifested itself in the chapels which moulded Rhondda values in the 19th and early 20th century.