Domestic abuse is a pattern of behaviour on the part of the abuser designed to control his partner. It can happen at any point in a relationship, including after you have split up. https://www.nationaldahelpline.org.uk/What-is-abuse
Domestic abuse isn’t always physical. Coercive control is an act or a pattern of acts of assault, threats, humiliation and intimidation or other abuse that is used to harm, punish, or frighten their victim.
This controlling behaviour is designed to make a person dependent by isolating them from support, exploiting them, depriving them of independence and regulating their everyday behaviour. https://www.womensaid.org.uk/information-support/what-is-domestic-abuse/coercive-control/
Many soroptimist clubs support the work of the refuges.
Special Domestic Violence Courts project: http://www.northumbria-pcc.gov.uk/volunteers/court-observers/special-domestic-violence-courts-special/?__cf_chl_jschl_tk__=303fcc2acc7b66a0f64c825e79fb2017646d30cc-1595186093-0-Af3rtMkz_X8LfRd1bC3F9eAZd9LReLfZt2EcsIX2x8OME2O9dP75zwtpfS_GGUWN6Qa_Ya_l05RV5TQd3cs-TIO33-6aHRzuq60hAaDCR9noiruIXGWMq0mrRJOQ5-t4Jj7iYwTPMqIqnjf8hqb7vma-uMp86apjQeFiEcA4oLpjIsMkaNHiyh7G-x1GROOYxGJtF3sKdxyXodjK9E9_78KgI8V88mZt05cxUHxXpvwgwR8oUidQ6fBHsBHQxiA13tZH9Cb6mlo59U_ThJ6qUhwMRCQJp_VuPIlFzf23i71DTRRwkxi9rpRb55VJYWDLOfjtFC9CB4etZsJ3Q8AemRwxvE0r4lBNQXZDL6HYQOlB
is part of the global White Ribbon movement to end male violence against women. It works to end male violence against women by engaging with men and boys, raising awareness, influencing change and providing resources to make change happen. White Ribbon UK encourages everyone and especially men and boys to make the White Ribbon Promise to never commit, excuse or remain silent about violence against women and girls.